following guidelines should be used when fire extinguisher
cabinets are located in public accommodations and
commercial facilities subject to Title III of the
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA):
with Disabilities Act (ADA) Guidelines
ADA Accessibility Guidelines (ADAAG) specify that
objects projecting from walls with their leading
edges between 27" and 80" above the
finished floor shall protrude no more than 4"
into walks, corridors, passageways, or aisles.
Objects mounted with their leading edges at or
below 27" may protrude any amount.
Most semi-recessed fire extinguisher
cabinets have 2-1/2" return trims which comply
with ADAAG. However, certain limited wall depths
may require the specifier to consider return trims
which project 4". If this occurs in a location
subject to ADAAG and the cabinet must be mounted
with its leading edge more than 27" above
the finished floor, the 4" projecting trim
must be specified with a recessed handle. Semi-recessed
cabinets with 4-1/2" return trims do not
comply with ADAAG, unless they can be mounted
with their leading edges at or below 27"
above the finished floor.
Surface-mounted cabinets project
more than 4" from the wall. To comply with
ADAAG, these units must be mounted with their
leading edges at or below 27" from the finished
floor. If this is not possible, these units may
have to be changed to recessed or semi-recessed
cabinets which do comply with ADAAG or relocated
in areas not subject to ADAAG.
Recessed and some trimless "bubble"
cabinets project no more than 4" from the
finished wall and comply with ADAAG. Some semi-recessed
and surface-mounted cabinets project more than
4" from the wall, and compliance with ADAAG
depends on location and installation issues discussed
in the above paragraph. Please refer to the "Fire
Extinguisher Cabinets" profiles to identify
these specific cabinets.
ADA Guidelines specify reach ranges for building
occupants who require access to equipment such
as fire extinguishers and other fire safety devices.
For an unobstructed approach,
the maximum forward reach to this equipment (for
example, the fire extinguisher handle) is 48"
above the floor. The maximum side reach for such
an approach is 54". The actual mounting heights
for cabinets housing this equipment can be determined
by reviewing the exact dimensions of the specified
cabinet and the positioning of the fire equipment
within that cabinet. Please note that these ADAAG
reach range requirements fall with the NFPA (National
Fire Protection Association) guidelines. The NFPA
guidelines state that the distance from the floor
to the top of the fire extinguisher to be no more
than 5 feet.
SIGNAGE AND OPERATING MECHANISMS
At the present time, raised and braille characters
or other special ADA signage are not required
for fire protection cabinets. In addition, the
controls, handles, and other operating mechanisms
for fire protection cabinet doors presently are
not covered by ADA Accessibility Guidelines for
Please note that many ADA Guidelines for fire
protection cabinets are not clearly defined and
may be subject to change through the court system
or other mediation methods. It is important to
contact the manufacturer of the fire extinguisher
cabinet for the most current information.